Blog Archive

Body Area Networks



WBAN or BAN, short for (Wireless) Body Area Network, consists of a set of mobile and compact intercommunicating sensors, either wearable or implanted into the human body, which monitor vital body parameters and movements [1]. These devices, communicating through wireless technologies, transmit data from the body to a home base station, from where the data can be forwarded to a hospital, clinic or elsewhere, real-time.
The WBAN technology is still in its primitive stage and is being widely researched. The technology, once accepted and adopted, is expected to be a breakthrough invention in healthcare, leading to concepts like telemedicine and mHealth becoming real.
IEEE 802.15.6 is the task group for BAN.

Initial applications of WBANs are expected to appear primarily in the healthcare domain, especially for continuous monitoring and logging vital parameters of patients suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma and heart attacks.

A WBAN network in place on a patient can alert the hospital, even before he has a heart attack, through measuring changes in his vital signs.
A WBAN network on a diabetic patient could auto inject insulin though a pump, as soon as his insulin level declines, thus making the patient 'doctor-free' and virtually healthy.

Other applications of this technology include sports, military, or security. Extending the technology to new areas could also assist communication by seamless exchanges of information between individuals, or between individual and machines. Imagine businesspeople exchanging business cards, just with a handshake, with the help of BAN sensors. These applications might become reality with the WBAN implementation very soon.

Interoperability: WBAN systems would have to ensure seamless data transfer across standards such as Bluetooth, ZigBee etc. to promote information exchange, plug and play device interaction. Further, the systems would have to be scalable, ensure efficient migration across networks and offer uninterrupted connectivity.

System Devices:

The sensors used in WBAN would have to be low on complexity, small in form factor, light in weight, power efficient, easy to use and reconfigurable. Further, the storage devices need to facilitate remote storage and viewing of patient data as well as access to external processing and analysis tools via the Internet.

System and device-level security:

Considerable effort would be required to make BAN transmission secure and accurate. It would have to be made sure that the patient's data is only derived from each patient's dedicated BAN system and is not mixed up with other patient's data. Further, the data generated from WBAN should have secure and limited access.

Invasion of privacy:

People might consider the WBAN technology as a potential threat to freedom, if the applications go beyond 'secure' medical usage. Social acceptance would be key to this technology finding a wider application. 


New Internet Suffixes


New York City wants Internet addresses ending in ".nyc," while several companies and groups are looking to create ".doctor,"  and ".bank." Google Inc. is also seeking ".YouTube" and ".lol" — the digital shorthand for "laugh out loud." Others are looking to attract non-English speakers with suffixes in a variety of languages.

Some 2,000 proposals have been submitted as part of the largest expansion of the Internet address system since its creation in the 1980s. These suffixes would rival ".com" and about 300 others now in use.

Companies would be able to create separate websites and separate addresses for each of their products and brands, for instance, even as they keep their existing ".com" name. One day, you might go to "comedy.YouTube" rather than ""

The organisation behind the expansion, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, will announce a full list and other details in London on Wednesday.

It'll take at least a year or two, however, for the first of these new suffixes to win approval and appear in use.

Some of them never will if they are found to violate trademarks or are deemed offensive. Others will be delayed as competing bidders quarrel for easy-to-remember words such as ".web." When multiple applications seek the same suffix, ICANN will encourage parties to work out an agreement. ICANN will hold an auction if the competing bidders fail to reach a compromise.

The expansion, already several years in the works, had been delayed by more than a month this spring because of technical glitches with the application system.

From a technical standpoint, the names let Internet-connected computers know where to send email and locate websites. But they've come to mean much more. Inc., for instance, has built its brand around the domain name.

Alex Stamos, whose Artemis Internet company is bidding for ".secure," said the expansion will "create much more specific neighborhoods with specific focus and goals."

Stamos envisions ".secure" as a neighborhood for banks, medical professionals, payroll providers and others needing to establish consumer trust. Websites that adopt ".secure" instead of ".com" in their names would go through additional screening and be required to follow certain security practices such as encryption of all Web traffic.

The suffixes are restricted to the richest companies and groups, who paid $185,000 (€147,480)per proposal. If approved, each suffix would cost at least $25,000 a year to maintain, with a 10-year commitment required. By comparison, a personal address with a common suffix such as ".com" usually costs less than $10 a year.

ICANN has received at least $350 million in applications fees, which will pay for the organization's costs setting up the system, reviewing applications and making sure parties do what they have promised once the suffix is operational. Some of the money will be set aside to cover potential lawsuits from unsuccessful applicants and others.

Stamos said he expects to charge thousands of dollars for a ".secure" name. The idea is to attract just those businesses that need the higher level of security.

Not all bidders will be looking to sell names under their suffixes, though. Google, for instance, may decide to keep ".Google" for its own sites, though it indicated it might open ".YouTube" for brands to create video channels. Google declined comment on specifics beyond a recent blog post.

Skeptics worry that an expansion will mean more addresses available to scams that use similar-sounding names such as "Amazom" rather than "Amazon" to trick people into giving passwords and credit card information. Others worry that new suffixes could create additional platforms for hate groups or lead to addresses ending in obscenities. ICANN spent years crafting guidelines meant to curtail nefarious activities, but critics say there aren't enough safeguards in place. Critics include a coalition of business groups worried about protecting their brands in newly created names.

There's also a question of how useful the new names will be, at least among English speakers. Alternatives to ".com" introduced over the past decade have had mixed success. These days, Internet users often find websites not by typing in the address but by using a search engine. And with mobile devices getting more popular, people are using apps to bypass Web browsers entirely.

The demand for new suffixes appears greater outside the U.S. That's because many of the ".com" names had been grabbed by Americans who got on the Internet first. In addition, suffixes had been largely limited to the 26 letters of the English alphabet until now.

"I don't think any of these will be the next dot-com," said Bhavin Turakhia, founder and CEO of Directi Group, a Dubai company that is seeking ".click," ''.baby," ''.insurance" and 28 others. "Dot-com had too much of a legacy to be outdone in a short period of time. But it has potential to be a very strong alternative and over time capture reasonable market share."

ICANN has already allowed two major expansions of the addressing system. In 2000, it approved seven new domains, including ".info" and ".biz." It began accepting new bids again in 2004. It added seven from that round, including ".xxx" last year. It also cleared others on an ad hoc basis, including ".eu" for the European Union and ".ps" for the Palestinian territories. Under the new system, the application process will be streamlined and allow for up to 1,000 new suffixes a year


World’s First 3D CCTV

KDC(, a 3D specialist company, has succeeded in developing the world's first '3D CCTV control system'. The company, second only to RealD, a US based company, has led the global market in digital 3D equipment, exporting 1,500 products to 45 countries last year. The 3D CCTV system enables users to shoot full HD 3D video using a stereo camera. The principle of the camera is the same as how people visualize and perceive objects. The human eyes are approximately 6.5cm apart on average, each with a slightly different viewpoint of the world from another. When people see objects, their brain and eyes function together to produce "stereoscopic vision", which allows them to perceive 3D images of the objects surrounding them. A stereo camera also has two lenses which focus on the same point but from slightly different angles, creating 3D images of the object. With this stereo camera being applied to CCTV, the functions go beyond merely watching videos to analyze them.

The 3D CCTV features an algorithm which accurately measures the distance between the two cameras and the subject, and between two subjects to increase total realism. As the camera is also Internet protocol based technology, information can be transferred anytime and anywhere with the presence of a wired or wireless network.

Kim Tae-sub, a chairman of KDC group

"It took almost two years for KDC to progress this exclusive algorithm technology from planning to development stages," said Mr. Kim Tae-sub, a chairman of KDC group. The idea of developing 3D CCTV initially came from his personal experience. "When I stood guard duty at the ceasefire line at an early age, because of the cold weather, I thought it would be more efficient if there was CCTV which was able to perceive subjects more realistically. Conventional 2D CCTV only records video and does not recognize subjects. It cannot perceive new objects and does not provide distances estimates."

3D CCTV for various uses

"The technology we have developed will be particularly useful in places such as laboratories, nuclear power plants, and army bases which require strict security or which are difficult for people to observe first-hand. In regards to application within military installations, complete unmanned security systems can be realized as approaching objects can be accurately measured through monitors in situation rooms and subjects can be clearly identified through stereoscopic images. 2D CCTV cameras cannot recognize accurate distance even if someone approaches a border line. However, 3D CCTV works by a similar mechanism as the human eye, and can perceive how many miles people are from the border."

He added that "CCTV cameras attached at wholesale stores today are able to identify whether the customers are male or female. In order to determine their sex, however, computers must analyze the average shape of thousands of male and female customers from a database. With 3D CCTV, however, the recognition will be much more efficient, better perceiving an individual's shape.


KDC has already applied for a patent on relevant technologies. At present, the development of the basic algorithm is already completed. Various functions are being developed for commercialization and complete products will be produced later this year. Once commercialized, the system will be sold to established companies producing CCTV solutions rather than targeting new consumers. The sales will not generally be business to consumer but rather business to business.

3D CCTV Front View

Great attention at Hong Kong Electronics Fair

Last month, KDC participated in the Hong Kong Electronics Fair as they unveiled their diverse range of new 3D related products and attracted great attention from overseas buyers. Products the company showed off included the world's first full HD 3D CCTV, 42 inch 3D TV, 3D eye glasses and software for CCTV. In particular, 3D CCTV which was able to recognize distance drew attention not only from ordinary visitors but also from specialized markets such as security, defense and power plant facilities. "We had over 100 inquires of sample price, period of delivery and mass production plans from overseas buyers, particularly from Europe where the special security industry is already highly developed, and also the Middle Eastern region in which advanced security systems are in high demand."

The company is also planning to advance into the 3D smart phone market. "Although glasses free 3D displays are quite costly, if they are applied to small panels such as smart phones, PMP, and navigation, the cost will become more reasonable for the average consumer." Late last year, KDC succeeded in developing a 10 inch glasses free 3D display panel using parallex barrier technology, marking the first time this technology had succeeded in the industry. Even though it is glasses free, it is much brighter and has higher resolution than displays with glasses, improving the 3D effects.

"With long years of experience and knowhow in 3D areas, we aim to develop technologies to keep pace with the trend of demanding more accurate and realistic images in diverse areas including not only entertainment but also industrial and security sectors. Even though the 3D CCTV market is still an infant industry, we will do our best to secure the global market where demand is on the rise


Giving the Right Advice

One of the kindergarten students asked his teen ager cousin to help him in writing essay on the subject "The Poor Family".
His cousin, son of a billionaire, wrote the essay like this:

            "Once upon a time, there was a poor family. Both husband and wife were very poor. They had two kids which were poor as well. All four servants were also poor. The 3 dogs of the house were also poor. The family didn't dine out for the last five days. One of the three  Mercedes was not serviced in last month. It was more than 6 months they didn't go out to another country for vacations. So in short they were very poor…"

The cousin made serious efforts in writing this essay but almost failed. His essay portrays the low level of comprehension about the subject he was asked to write about. Seems like he had never seen the real poor people in his life. Seems like he was never exposed to the financial crisis and complications of poor's lives in a practical way. So his mental paradigm to define the poorness was really terrible.

Let us transform this example on the adults to learn something:
1-      If you need advice on any subject, ask the wise. Ask the person with the relevant experience and knowledge. Professionally speaking, consultation to be done with the qualified professional having right expertise else there is a big chance for you to be misguided.
2-      Several times in your life, you are approached by your friends or colleagues for advice and you start speaking on the subject on the spot whether you have adequate knowledge about it or not. Don't do this by being explosive ! There is nothing wrong in confessing that you don't have good advice to give due to less or no knowledge on the subject . It is not obligatory for you to open your mouth on every single thing. Be vigilant in what you say because you might become the root cause for someone's failure. If time permits, investigate the subject, judge the situation, seek assistance from someone who is knowledgeable and trust worthy.

Giving advice is a matter of honesty. Put yourself in their shoes, think wise and then provide constructive feedback or suggestions or criticism else you may lose your respect for life time !

Article Reference: 0046-mjunaidtahir-paradigmwisdom-130612- Giving The Right Advice


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M Junaid Tahir

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Speak Up and Look Smarter Than You Are

By Jason Fitzpatrick, 6:30 AM on Thu Sep 10 2009, 20,613 views (Edit, to draft, Slurp)

Although you may have committed yourself to keeping your mouth shut unless you absolutely had something critical to add to a business meeting, you may be doing yourself a disservice. Frequent talkers are perceived as more intelligent and competent.

Photo by tiarescott.

The trick won't work if you have no idea what's going on, of course. If you pipe up in the middle of a board meeting by yelling out "We should move all the cattle to the Indo-China region!" nobody is going to think you more competent for your interjection. At US News & World Report they offer this career advice:

No one is asking you to fake competence here. No one is asking you to pretend you know something you don't, or to spout nonsense, or to shout people down, or to fall in love with the sound of your own voice.

All you have to do is speak up more often. You don't need to know everything about everything to have an opinion or make an observation. Ask questions! Invite dialogue! Admit ignorance! Demonstrate that your objective is the success of your organization and that you want to help. Just the very act of contributing is enough to establish yourself as a key player.

Most people that work with groups—bosses, teachers, presenters—will tell you that it's no fun being at the front of the group and never getting any feedback from the group you're talking to. Speaking up offers you a chance to be visible among a crowd of bored and disengaged faces and gives your ideas or concerns a chance to be heard


Enhancing Self Confidence in Kids

Previous weekend I took my four years son to the grocery store. While taking the escalators in the market his foot slipped due to which he was about to fell but he quickly gripped the reel and got stable. As I was just behind him so I held him from his shoulder at the same time helping him getting firm on escalators. He said, "Baba, I was about to fall" I said, "No my son, you will not fall" "Baba, because you are with me?" "No my son, because you are a big boy. You can take care of yourself" when he heard this, I noticed quick brightness in his eyes as if he was feeling more confident and a grown up kid, though he is just 4 years old J

Later I pondered that I could have agreed to him that he won't fall down because I was with him which would have increased his trust in me. But then I thought that though this approach would have increased his trust in me however his self confidence wouldn't have increased, instead it would be decreased because of his mental dependency on someone else. So the message I want to convey to the parents is that we must endeavor to boost the self confidence in our kids by consistently encouraging for the things which they have done right. This encouragement technique has to be changed with the passage of time. For example, you can say 'Give me Five' to your 3-4 year toddler however you can't say this to your teen ager. Article written by Junaid.Tahir

While you work on improving self-confidence in your kids, the efforts to increase the parent-Kid trust should never be ignored at all. While in this story, the emphasis was given to enhance the kids' self-confidence, at some other moments in life, parents may use sentences like "don't worry,  I am with you" or "Let's do this job together" or "I will support you" in order to increase their bonding with their kids since self confidence and trust both are equally important ingredient of your kids brought up in order to make them a confident and successful personality with strong character in future. You may want to read my article on criticism here since this is also linked with confidence.

Article Reference: 0045-mjunaidtahir-paradigmwisdom-12June12- Enhancing Self Confidence in Kids 

Story: The Begger King

Once there was a time, according to legend, when a king who had no son ruled Ireland. The king sent out his couriers to post notices in all the towns of his realm. The notices advised that every qualified young man should apply for an interview with the king as a possible successor to the throne. However, all such candidates must have these two qualifications: They must (1) love God and (2) love their fellow human beings.


The Young man about whom this legend centers saw a notice and reflected that he loved God and, also, his neighbors. One thing stopped him; he was so poor that he had no clothes that would be presentable in the sight of the king. Nor did he have the funds to buy provisions for the long journey to the castle. Therefore, the young man begged here, and borrowed there, finally managing to scrounge enough money for the appropriate clothes and the necessary supplies.


Properly attired and well suited, the young man set out on his quest, and had almost completed the journey when he came upon a poor beggar by the side of the road. The beggar sat trembling, clad only in tattered rags. His extended arms pleaded for help. His weak voice croaked, "I'm hungry and cold. Please help me... please?"


The young man was so moved by the beggar's need that he immediately stripped off his new clothes and put on the tattered threads of the beggar. Without a second thought, he gave the beggar all his provision as well. Then, somewhat hesitantly, he continued his journey to the castle dressed in the rags of the beggar, lacking provisions for his return trek home. Upon his arrival at the castle, a king's attendant showed him in to the great hall. After a brief respite to clean off the journey's grime, he was finally admitted to the throne room of the king.


The young man bowed low before his majesty. When he raised his eyes, he gaped in astonishment. "You... it's you! You're the beggar by the side of the road."


"Yes," the king replied with a twinkle, "I was that beggar."


"But...bu...bu... you are not really a beggar. You are the king for real. Well, then, why did you do this to me?" the young man stammered after gaining more of his composure.


"Because I had to find out if you genuinely love God and your fellow human beings," said the king. "I knew that if I came to you as king, you would have been impressed by my gem-encrusted golden crown and my royal robes. You would have done anything I asked of you because of my regal character. However, that way I would never have known what is truly in your heart. Therefore, I used a ruse. I came to you as a beggar with no claims on you except for the love in your hear. Moreover, I discovered that you sincerely do love God and your fellow human beings. You will be my successor," promised the king. "You will inherit my kingdom."


M Junaid Tahir

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Behave Like The Person You Want To Be

One of the keys to becoming a success comes from learning 
from those who are where you want to be. One area of this 
that most people overlook is what they wear.

Part of the 'package' of your boss, for example, is what 
he/she wears, as well as how they act.
So if you want to be 
like your boss, you have to dress as if you were them. 

I am not saying that you should go out and buy the same tie,
or the same dress, but you should look to match their 
general style (if you are 'allowed' to do so).

Part of the reason why your boss is, well your boss, is 
because they have been chosen by their boss as someone who 
has an image that 'fits-in' with what the company expects 
from their managers.

Some people may ignore this fact because they are not very curious about this - make sure that YOU don't else you belong to the same class and may not go further on the road to success ... 

Action Point:

How can you change to current appearance to match who you 
want to be?

It's very unusual for someone who doesn't conform to rise 
to the top. Let your work and effort and personality do the 
talking and don't draw attention to your individuality by 
what you wear.

You may think that you are standing out but it will more 
than likely be for the wrong reasons!

Just do it...

Spend just 5 minutes every day applying this knowledge…and
you will be surprised at how this in conjunction with your 
higher target, will move you forward

M Junaid Tahir

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I don't get recognized for what I do

By Shweta Leave a Comment

"For many years I have put in long hours, including many weekends. I have put my energy and soul into my job and the organization. I have brought profits to the team; but I have never been recognized for it." AJ said and was almost ready to quit working for those who didn't care what he had done for them; but of course is ready to change with some advice.

You could give a quick advice saying "hey, it is the self-marketing era; go toot your own horn." But it does not work for everyone, some people are not good at it and some too shy or uncomfortable to do so.

Before you barge out of the job or barge in your supervisors' office, it is a good idea to first evaluate and assess the situation (alright, you have been doing it all along; how about doing it in a different way now?)

First Self Assessment: Is it you? What type of a person are you, timid, introvert or outgoing and a self-marketer. Chances are you are well described or close to the first two descriptions in the sentence above. (Note: there could be other reasons so if you think it is not you then skip to the next point). During this self assessment, take time to answer the following questions:

If the answers are "yes" to all or most of them, then move on to the next point else TRY to get convert your "nays" to yes on all of the above

"As companies tighten their belts during tough times, it's important to remember that money isn't always what matters most to employees. When it comes to encouraging employees to pour discretionary effort into their work, the chance to make a difference and be recognized for their contributions can provide a much stronger incentive. Unfortunately, only 49% of non-management employees report that their contributions are recognized by their company when they perform well." – Hay Group Insight, September 2008

Secondly, you need to ask co-workers about it. It may be the company culture that recognitions are present but not so evident. Ask your co-workers if they are generally awarded pay raises or bonuses or other incentives post-performance reviews or in other ways in their divisions. You can get a better idea on different managerial practices and thereafter plan appropriate action items. Your action items could be meeting your own expectations towards gaining recognition or initiating meetings with your boss to inform why your expectations for recognition are not being met.

In the end it is your responsibility on how you want to be treated by others, there are many self-help articles on this blog and others as well where you can find ways to steer closer to recognition at work.



Thinking Is Our Creative Ability in Action

Thought is our creative ability in action.
At any time, it is very important not to forget that.
The idea as to condition, the condition produces the effect, the effect creates the destination.
Your life will always be what you are visualizing constantly.
As a result, any real change in the way, will only change their thoughts.
Imagine your life as you want to be and working in this line of ideas, notice that the time will bring the expected achievements.
The laws of fate will bring you back everything you think.
In fact, we find everything that relates to us, both as regards the good as evil.
Look and you will find yourself attracted to your field of influence everything you do and everything that is part of your day to day.
 The creature itself is to blame and that is correct, up to feed the false concepts about God.
Within us the freedom to choose is absolute, then the mental creation that belongs to us is that we recognize naturally subject to it.
 Through the mental principles that govern us in all that we give of ourselves to others we receive from other hundredfold

44 Resume writing tips

Having a solid and effective resume can greatly improve your chances of landing that dream job. That is beyond discussion. How does one make sure that his resume is top notch and bullet proof, however? There are several websites with tips around the web, but most bring just a handful of them. We wanted to put them all together in a single place, and that is what you will find below: 44 resume writing tips.


1. Know the purpose of your resume

Some people write a resume as if the purpose of the document was to land a job. As a result they end up with a really long and boring piece that makes them look like desperate job hunters. The objective of your resume is to land an interview, and the interview will land you the job (hopefully!).


2. Back up your qualities and strengths

Instead of creating a long (and boring) list with all your qualities (e.g., disciplined, creative, problem solver) try to connect them with real life and work experiences. In other words, you need to back these qualities and strengths up, else it will appear that you are just trying to inflate things.


3. Make sure to use the right keywords

Most companies (even smaller ones) are already using digital databases to search for candidates. This means that the HR department will run search queries based on specific keywords. Guess what, if your resume doesn't have the keywords related to the job you are applying for, you will be out even before the game starts.

These keywords will usually be nouns. Check the job description and related job ads for a clue on what the employer might be looking for. You can read more about resume keywords on the article Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume's Effectiveness.


4. Use effective titles

Like it or not, employers will usually make a judgment about your resume in 5 seconds. Under this time frame the most important aspect will be the titles that you listed on the resume, so make sure they grab the attention. Try to be as descriptive as possible, giving the employer a good idea about the nature of your past work experiences. For example:

Bad title: Accounting
Good title: Management of A/R and A/P and Recordkeeping


5. Proofread it twice

It would be difficult to emphasize the importance of proofreading your resume. One small typo and your chances of getting hired could slip. Proofreading it once is not enough, so do it twice, three times or as many as necessary. If you don't know how to proofread effectively, here are 8 tips that you can use.


6. Use bullet points

No employer will have the time (or patience) to read long paragraphs of text. Make sure, therefore, to use bullet points and short sentences to describe your experiences, educational background and professional objectives.


7. Where are you going?

Including professional goals can help you by giving employers an idea of where you are going, and how you want to arrive there. You don't need to have a special section devoted to your professional objectives, but overall the resume must communicate it. The question of whether or not to highlight your career objectives on the resume is a polemic one among HR managers, so go with your feeling. If you decide to list them, make sure they are not generic.


8. Put the most important information first

This point is valid both to the overall order of your resume, as well as to the individual sections. Most of the times your previous work experience will be the most important part of the resume, so put it at the top. When describing your experiences or skills, list the most important ones first.


9. Attention to the typography

First of all make sure that your fonts are big enough. The smaller you should go is 11 points, but 12 is probably safer. Do not use capital letters all over the place, remember that your goal is to communicate a message as fast and as clearly as possible. Arial and Times are good choices.


10. Do not include "no kidding" information

There are many people that like to include statements like "Available for interview" or "References available upon request." If you are sending a resume to a company, it should be a given that you are available for an interview and that you will provide references if requested. Just avoid items that will make the employer think "no kidding!"


11. Explain the benefits of your skills

Merely stating that you can do something will not catch the attention of the employer. If you manage to explain how it will benefit his company, and to connect it to tangible results, then you will greatly improve your chances.


12. Avoid negativity

Do not include information that might sound negative in the eyes of the employer. This is valid both to your resume and to interviews. You don't need to include, for instance, things that you hated about your last company.


13. Achievements instead of responsibilities

Resumes that include a long list of "responsibilities included…" are plain boring, and not efficient in selling yourself. Instead of listing responsibilities, therefore, describe your professional achievements.


14. No pictures

Sure, we know that you are good looking, but unless you are applying for a job where the physical traits are very important (e.g., modeling, acting and so on), and unless the employer specifically requested it, you should avoid attaching your picture to the resume.


15. Use numbers

This tip is a complement to the 13th one. If you are going to describe your past professional achievements, it would be a good idea to make them as solid as possible. Numbers are your friends here. Don't merely mention that you increased the annual revenues of your division, say that you increased them by $100,000, by 78%, and so on.


16. One resume for each employer

One of the most common mistakes that people make is to create a standard resume and send it to all the job openings that they can find. Sure it will save you time, but it will also greatly decrease the chances of landing an interview (so in reality it could even represent a waste of time). Tailor your resume for each employer. The same point applies to your cover letters.


17. Identify the problems of the employer

A good starting point to tailor your resume for a specific employer is to identify what possible problems he might have at hand. Try to understand the market of the company you are applying for a job, and identify what kind of difficulties they might be going through. After that illustrate on your resume how you and your skills would help to solve those problems.


18. Avoid age discrimination

It is illegal to discriminate people because of their age, but some employers do these considerations nonetheless. Why risk the trouble? Unless specifically requested, do not include your age on your resume.


19. You don't need to list all your work experiences

If you have job experiences that you are not proud of, or that are not relevant to the current opportunity, you should just omit them. Mentioning that you used to sell hamburgers when you were 17 is probably not going to help you land that executive position.


20. Go with what you got

If you never had any real working experience, just include your summer jobs or volunteer work. If you don't have a degree yet, mention the title and the estimated date for completion. As long as those points are relevant to the job in question, it does not matter if they are official or not.


21. Sell your fish

Remember that you are trying to sell yourself. As long as you don't go over the edge, all the marketing efforts that you can put in your resume (in its content, design, delivery method and so on) will give you an advantage over the other candidates.


22. Don't include irrelevant information

Irrelevant information such as political affiliation, religion and sexual preference will not help you. In fact it might even hurt your chances of landing an interview. Just skip it.


23. Use Mr. and Ms. if appropriate

If you have a gender neutral name like Alex or Ryan make sure to include the Mr. or Ms. prefix, so that employers will not get confused about your gender.


24. No lies, please

Seems like a no brainer, but you would be amused to discover the amount of people that lie in their resumes. Even small lies should be avoided. Apart from being wrong, most HR departments do background checks these days, and if you are buster it might ruin your credibility for good.


25. Keep the salary in mind

The image you will create with your resume must match the salary and responsibility level that you are aiming for.


26. Analyze job ads

You will find plenty of useful information on job ads. Analyze no only the ad that you will be applying for, but also those from companies on the same segment or offering related positions. You should be able to identify what profile they are looking for and how the information should be presented.


27. Get someone else to review your resume

Even if you think you resume is looking kinky, it would be a good idea to get a second and third opinion about it. We usually become blind to our own mistakes or way of reasoning, so another people will be in a good position to evaluate the overall quality of your resume and make appropriate suggestions.


28. One or two pages

The ideal length for a resume is a polemic subject. Most employers and recruiting specialists, however, say that it should contain one or two pages at maximum. Just keep in mind that, provided all the necessary information is there, the shorter your resume, the better.


29. Use action verbs

A very common advice to job seekers is to use action verbs. But what are they? Action verbs are basically verbs that will get noticed more easily, and that will clearly communicate what your experience or achievement were. Examples include managed, coached, enforced and planned. Here you can find a complete list of action verbs divided by skill category.


30. Use a good printer

If you are going to use a paper version of your resume, make sure to use a decent printer. Laser printers usually get the job done. Plain white paper is the preferred one as well.


31. No hobbies

Unless you are 100% sure that some of your hobbies will support you candidacy, avoid mentioning them. I know you are proud of your swimming team, but share it with your friends and not with potential employers.


32. Update your resume regularly

It is a good idea to update your resume on a regular basis. Add all the new information that you think is relevant, as well as courses, training programs and other academic qualifications that you might receive along the way. This is the best way to keep track of everything and to make sure that you will not end up sending an obsolete document to the employer.


33. Mention who you worked with

If you have reported or worked with someone that is well known in your industry, it could be a good idea to mention it on the resume. The same thing applies to presidents and CEOs. If you reported to or worked directly with highly ranked executives, add it to the resume.


34. No scattered information

Your resume must have a clear focus. If would cause a negative impression if you mentioned that one year you were studying drama, and the next you were working as an accountant. Make sure that all the information you will include will work towards a unified image. Employers like decided people.


35. Make the design flow with white space

Do not jam your resume with text. Sure we said that you should make your resume as short and concise as possible, but that refers to the overall amount of information and not to how much text you can pack in a single sheet of paper. White space between the words, lines and paragraphs can improve the legibility of your resume.


36. Lists all your positions

If you have worked a long time for the same company (over 10 years) it could be a good idea to list all the different positions and roles that you had during this time separately. You probably had different responsibilities and developed different skills on each role, so the employer will like to know it.


37. No jargon or slang

It should be common sense, but believe me, it is not. Slang should never be present in a resume. As for technical jargon, do not assume that the employer will know what you are talking about. Even if you are sending your resume to a company in the same segment, the person who will read it for the first time might not have any technical expertise.


38. Careful with sample resume templates

There are many websites that offer free resume templates. While they can help you to get an idea of what you are looking for, do not just copy and paste one of the most used ones. You certainly don't want to look just like any other candidate, do you?


39. Create an email proof formatting

It is very likely that you will end up sending your resume via email to most companies. Apart from having a Word document ready to go as an attachment, you should also have a text version of your resume that does not look disfigured in the body of the email or in online forms. Attachments might get blocked by spam filters, and many people just prefer having the resume on the body of the email itself.


40. Remove your older work experiences

If you have been working for 20 years or more, there is no need to have 2 pages of your resume listing all your work experiences, starting with the job at the local coffee shop at the age of 17! Most experts agree that the last 15 years of your career are enough.


41. No fancy design details

Do not use a colored background, fancy fonts or images on your resume. Sure, you might think that the little flowers will cheer up the document, but other people might just throw it away at the sight.


42. No pronouns

You resume should not contain the pronouns "I" or "me." That is how we normally structure sentences, but since your resume is a document about your person, using these pronouns is actually redundant.


43. Don't forget the basics

The first thing on your resume should be your name. It should be bold and with a larger font than the rest of the text. Make sure that your contact details are clearly listed. Secondly, both the name and contact details should be included on all the pages of the resume (if you have more than one).


44. Consider getting professional help

If you are having a hard time to create your resume, or if you are receiving no response whatsoever from companies, you could consider hiring a professional resume writing service. There are both local and online options are available, and usually the investment will be worth the money.


Junaid Tahir