Blog Archive

The Message from Ball Games

Sports and Recreation :: #2357

By Mike Swindlehurst from Bournemouth United Kingdom

Ball games
I have played Soccer, Tennis, Cricket, Squash, Badminton and the 3 most useful tips that were given to me were: -

- Put all you have into looking for a spot or other such marking on the ball until it leaves your racquet or bat ~ this prevents you taking your eye off the ball.

- It's never over 'til it's over ~ no matter what the score is' keep cool and keep up your effort ~ don't let your shoulders drop.

- Keep your cool and don't be tempted to try too hard, 95% of mistakes are caused by trying too hard. You must practice everyday until you are able to relax and let your body do what it wants to do.

What brought these to my attention, and were emphasized in a Bob Harman tennis book, was that I played my best tennis shots when we were knocking up, when the service was out and other such stress free moments.

Shiny Distractions
60 Great Quotes
Becoming a Better Judge of People
Your Life is Your Balance Sheet
6 Leadership Styles and How to Use Them
How Are You Feeling?
Accepting Yourself
What Stress Actually Does to You and What You Can Do About It

Attitude Matters

Once a Bird asked a Bee: After constant hard-work, you prepare honey. But a
 man comes & steals it. Do you not feel sad ?

Wonderful reply by Bee: Never... Because only thing man can do is to steal 'my honey'... not the 'art of making honey'...
In this world, anyone can copy your CREATIONS but no one can copy your TALENT.

Who is Blocking you - Inspirational Message
180 Words to Describe Yourself
Some Realities of Today's Life
10 Painful Truths We Forget EveryDay
Strength Through Awareness
The Hurting Of The Ego
Conscience - Your Great Companion

Customers for Life

By: Brian Tracy
Never Worry About Money AgainWhat is the purpose of a business? Every time I ask this question during a business seminar, the immediate answer that I get back is, "To make a profit."
The Real Purpose of A BusinessBut this answer is wrong. The purpose of a business is to create and keep a customer. If a business successfully creates and keeps customers in a cost-effective way, it will make a profit while continuing to survive and thrive. If, for any reason, a business fails to attract or sustain a sufficient number of customers, it will experience losses. Too many losses will lead to the demise of the enterprise.Why Businesses FailAccording to Dun and Bradstreet, the single, most important reason for the failure of businesses in America is lack of sales. And, of course, this refers to resales as well as initial sales.

So your company's job is to create and keep a customer, and your job is exactly the same. Remember, no matter what your official title is, you are a salesperson for yourself and your company. And the best way to increase your value as a salesperson is to build your customer base.

Why Businesses Succeed
The two most important words to keep in mind in developing a successful customer base are Positioning and Differentiation.

Positioning refers to the way your customers think and talk about you and your company when you are not there. The position that you hold in the customer's mind determines all of his reactions and interactions with you. Your position determines whether or not your customer buys, whether he buys again and whether he refers others to you. Everything that you do with regard to your customer affects the way your customer thinks about you.
The Key to Competitive Advantage
Differentiation refers to your ability to separate yourself and your product or service from that of your competitors. And it is the key to building and maintaining a competitive advantage. This is the advantage that you and your company have over your competitors in the same marketplace - the unique and special benefits that no one else can give your customer.

Select Your Customers Carefully
When you begin to think about acquiring and keeping customers for life, you need to think about the particular types of customers for whom your competitive advantage is so important that they would be poorly served by using anyone else's product. You need to then emphasize again and again that the special features and benefits you offer are so important that they should not even think of going somewhere else. If, for any reason, you fail to do this, you may lose the customer and all the work you've done in building that relationship in the first place.

Action Exercises
Here are two things you can do immediately to put these ideas into action.

First, determine exactly what your current positioning is today with your customers. How do they think about you and what do they say? How could you improve your positioning?

Second, determine your exact competitive advantage, your area of superiority in what you do. How can you increase in your area of excellence and then convey it better to your customers?

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14 Strategies for better decision making

Don't be afraid of interviewer

When you go for any interview, the most basic thing you have to remember is that the interviewer also feels that he is interviewed by you. He also wants your good opinion like you who wants his good opinion. So think very positively within you about the interviewer, feel admiration for him and then that face of yours will perform the task of getting the positive atmosphere. What any employer today wants most is whether you bring the needed positive atmosphere into the organization; whether you contribute to the team energy or synergy. Your expertise is one of the plus points. But your positive presence is the most important point. Your presence must help the creativity of the colleagues. The habit of assuming mainly positive things about the person is the road to your and your team's success.

Using Zoom In and Zoom Out Tool
Employee Feedback System for Continuous Improvement
Quality of Work and the Quality of Worker
6s – Manage Work Place
Manage The Boss
6 Keys for Success - ADVICE
Begin the Leadership Journey Here
How to Develop Analytical Skills

Contentment & Discontentment

First of all, understand discontentment. Discontent is caused by a constant multiplication of desires.
One desire leads to another until there's never a moment when you feel fulfilled.
Desires are like traps.
Because of endless desires relationships have become very fragile. There is a lot of irritability and anger due to:
• Selfish attachments (to possessions and people)
• Pride (attachment to a particular image of the self)
When there is discontentment, the heart can never be still & peaceful because wasteful, negative thoughts destroy peace.
Contentment is the result of spiritual awareness which allows you to recognize negativity. It changes your pattern of thinking. As you tap your huge inner potential, all desires are fulfilled and you regain your peace.

10 Tips to Fight Depression
10 Tips to Simplify Your Life
10 Tips to Simplify Your Life and Improve your Happiness
10 Tips to Simplify Your Life to Amplify Happiness
10 Tips to Stay Mentally Healthy
10 Ways to Get Lucky in Life - How To Be Luckier
100+ Inspirational Stories
11 Great Ways to Reduce Stress
11 Tips to Improve Self Confidence
12 Ways to Stay On Top of Stress

50+ Articles - Microsoft Excel - Tips and Tricks

Impress Your Boss With These Excel Tips and Tricks​
1 Important Excel Keyboard Short Cuts
2 Excel Tip: Replace formulas with values Quickly
3 Excel Tip: Inserting Background Image in Chart
4 10 Ways to Recover a Corrupted Excel File
5 Excel Tip: IF Function
6 Excel Tip: REPT Function
7 Microsoft Excel: Top 10 Formulas for Aspiring Analysts
8 EXCEL: Using * in Excel Formulas
9 Learn Top 10 Excel Features
10 How to Improve Your Microsoft Excel Skills
11 Excel Tip: Use Vlookup to extract values
12 Excel Tip: Creating Heat Maps for Management Reports
13 Automatic Updating of Excel Tables in PowerPoint Slides
14 Microsoft Excel: Filter as you type
15 Subcontractor Evaluation Checklist
16 Creating Spark-Line in MS Excel
17 Using VLOOKUP Tool for Microsoft Excel
18 Creating Simple Check List in Excel
19 Excel: Extracting text with FIND and MID Functions
20 Excel Tip: Enable Data Entry in a Cell only if a Dependent Cell is Filled
21 EXCEL : Shortcut to insert comment to a cell
22 Excel: Using Rank Function
23 Microsoft Excel: Pivot Table Tricks to Make You a Star
24 Excel Tip: How to create A drop-down list
25 Microsoft Excel 2007 keyboard shortcuts
26 Free PDF to Excel Conversion Tool
27 Excel Tip: Changing Row Color based on cell Value
28 How To Add Live Web Pages to a PowerPoint Presentation
29 Excel Tip: Searching and Highlighting
30 Creating an Interactive Chart in Excel
31 How to Switch Excel Columns and Rows
32 Excel: a Dynamic Pivot Chart Example - Macro
33 Excel's conditional formatting features to highlight input cells
34 Data Entry Forms in Excel
35 How to create a Mail Merge
36 Excel Function: TRIM
37 Introduction to Excel Macros
38 Restrict duplicate data using Excel Validation
39 Excel Tip: Merge Cells without Loosing Data
40 Excel Animation without Macros
41 Excel Feature: Picture Links (or Camera Snapshots)
42 What is a Pivot Table - How to Make it
43 How to cook a delicious dynamic chart
44 Excel: Creating A Thermometer Style Chart
45 Excel: Creating A Database Table From A Summary Table
46 Excel: Perform Two-Way Table Lookup
47 Excel: Calculate The Number Of Days In A Month
48 Excel: Create A Drop-Down List Of Possible Input Values
49 Sending Personalized Email From Excel
50 Microsoft Excel Pivot Table Tricks to Make You a Star
51 Microsoft Excel 2007 keyboard shortcuts
52 Excel Tip: The intelligent Format Painter
53 Excel Tip: AutoSum Shortcut key
54 Excel Tip: Age calculation in excel

Creating an Interactive Chart in Excel

Imagine you have a worksheet with lots of charts. And you want to make it look awesome & clean.
Simple, create an interactive chart so that your users can pick one of many charts and see them.
Today let us

understand how to create an interactive chart using Excel.
PS: This is a revised version of almost 5 year old article – Select & show one chart from many.

A demo of our interactive Excel chart

First, take a look at the chart that you will be creating.
How to create interactive chart using Excel - Demo
Feeling excited? read on to learn how to create this.

Solution – Creating Interactive chart in Excel

  1. First create all the charts you want and place them in separate locations in your worksheet. Lets say your charts look like this.
    Create charts in separate ranges like this...
  2. Now, select all the cells corresponding to first chart, press ALT MMD (Formula ribbon > Define name). Give a name like Chart1.
    Select all cells corresponding to first chart and give them a name like Chart1
  3. Repeat this process for all charts you have, naming them like Chart2, Chart3
  4. In a separate range of cells, list down all chart names. Give this range a name like lstChartTypes.
  5. Add a new sheet to your workbook. Call it "Output".
  6. In the output sheet, insert a combo-box form control (from Developer Ribbon > Insert > Form Controls)
    Insert combo-box form controls - Excel
  7. Select the combo box control and press Ctrl+1 (format control).
  8. Specify input range as lstChartTypes and cell link as a blank cell in your output sheet (or data sheet).
    [Related: Detailed tutorial on Excel Combo box & other form controls]
    Combo box form control settings - Excel interactive chart tutorial
  9. Now, when you make a selection in the combo box, you will know which option is selected in the linked cell.
    Demo of combo box & cell linkage - Excel interactive chart tutorial
  10. Now, we need a mechanism to pull corresponding chart based on user selection. Enter a named range – selChart.
  11. Press ALT MMD or go to Formula ribbon > Define name.  Give the name as selChart and define it as
    =CHOOSE(linked_cell, Chart1, Chart2, Chart3, Chart4)
    PS: CHOOSE formula will select one of the Chart ranges based on user's selection (help).
  12. Now, go back to data & charts sheet. Select Chart1 range. Press CTRL+C to copy it.
  13. Go to Output sheet and paste it as linked picture (Right click > Paste Special > Linked Picture)
    Pasting a picture link - Excel interactive chart tutorial
  14. This will insert a linked picture of Chart 1.
    [Related: What is a picture link and how to use it?]
  15. Now, click on the picture, go to formula bar, type =selChart and press enter
  16. Move the image around, position it nicely next to the combo box.
  17. Congratulations! Your interactive chart is ready :)

Download Interactive Chart Excel file

Click here to download interactive chart Excel file and play with it. Observe the named ranges (selChart) and set up charts to learn more.

Sweeping Statements - Annoying, Irritating and Insulting

by Junaid.Tahir

Sweeping statement is the term used when you give conclusive or decisive comment about  something or someone. You may not know but you give sweeping statements several times a day and if you don't mind let me say that most of the time you are wrong J 

You might have said to your colleagues that this manager has no sense of management whereas if someone asks you to give a ten minutes non-stop lecture on management, you may not be able to deliver it because you too may not have real in depth knowledge of the domain. So, instead of saying "no sense of management" you could more precisely say that you don't agree to "this particular aspect of management" of that person and then elaborate your observations. The later approach in this example is not a sweeping statement instead it is a specific focal point of your point of view. 

If you are in habit of giving sweeping statements, you may, at some point in time spoil your relationship with someone permanently especially when you give sweeping statement to the person face to face by annoying and irritating severely. Because when you give sweeping statement you are missing a whole lot of detailed aspects of the subject and may emotionally kill the person.

Also when you give sweeping statement it's not about them only, it's about you as well because it indicates the fact that you are not careful in your thinking. Which means you have a zoom-out attitude when it comes to observing people whereas zoom-in (high level) and zoom-out (detailed micro level) approaches are required to be used according to the situation.

Some other examples of sweeping (sometimes insulting) statements:
1- A man argues with his house wife "what exactly you do at home all day long?"  (in Urdu, tum sara din kerti kia ho aakhir?)
2- This whole nation or country is arrogant/corrupt. 
3- Mom to her child "you never do good work" (Urdu: Tum nay to kabhi koee acha kaam kia hi nahi")
4- when you say to your colleague, "you have no idea about it, so leave it to me"

So the bottom line is that instead of being judgmental and passing the remarks instantly one must strive to understand things fairly prior to giving remarks and then use appropriate words and an effective way of communication to describe ones stance in order to improve the situation, not in order to harm it by any mean.

Some associated articles:
Do You Treat People Fairly?

Are You Sorry?

Don't be sorry for being yourself.
Don't be sorry you're not sorry.

Don't be sorry for:

1. Your beliefs and for being passionate about it.
We're all created with unique minds.

Just because your beliefs are different from

the people around you doesn't mean

you should be sorry for it.

2. Your looks.
You are beautiful and no one can argue

because you were fearfully and wonderfully made

 3. Speaking the truth.

When you speak the truth, expect to be hated.

 People hate people who make them realize

they're wrong. Most people hide behind pretense

and lying because the truth makes them uncomfortable.

Don't be sorry if you're too honest for some people.

They don't hate you. They hate the truth

because they can't handle it.

 4. Your relationship status.

For as long as you're not wrecking lives or

 destroying relationships, you're not offending

 anyone, you're not wasting someone's time, you're

not causing harm to yourself or to another person,

 don't be sorry.

 5. Sleeping in or taking a break.
If you've been working like crazy,

if you have always given your best, you

DESERVE to have a break.

Don't be sorry for not being productive for

 a day or two. Or they'll be sorry if you

 break down and burn out.

6. Setting a standard.

 Don't be sorry for demanding what is right for you.

You also need to choose the people you surround

yourself with. After all, you become the average of

the five people you spend most of your time with.

What kind of person do you want to become?

7. Making wrong choices in the past.

No one saw it coming.

Okay, maybe you saw it coming but you ignored

the signs. Go ahead and feel sorry for yourself...

but don't wallow in it. Don't make it your permanent

residence. Most of all, don't make your wrong

choices define you, and shape your future.

8. Asking for help or questions.
You can't do everything yourself.

Don't be sorry for asking questions. Better

admit you don't know something than pretend to

 be a genius and embarrass yourself in the long run.

9. Your quirks.
So what if you still read fairy tales or young

 adult fiction before going to bed even when

you're too old for it?

So what if you dress like a lady, but love heavy metal music?

So what if you're the odd one out?

10. Your big dreams and/or achievements.
Don't let people who lack imagination

look down on your creative plans.

Don't let small minds convince you that your

dreams are too big. You only scare those who

are weaker than you are.

11. Cheating on your diet.

Unless you're putting your health at risk,

go ahead and eat to your heart's content.

You don't have to eat less, just eat right.

12. For walking out of a relationship.

Maybe you stopped being friends because they

 seem to be holding you back. Or you feel like you're

 going in different directions after you came to a

certain point. Maybe you made the right choice by

 walking out of it. Don't be sorry you did.

13. For saying 'No'.
If you're not comfortable with the idea,

if you think it's too much for you, if you don't

feel like doing it for no selfish reason---don't do it.

It's okay to say 'no'. Don't be guilty for

 turning an invitation down.

We should be sorry if we've done something

 wrong or if we've hurt other people's feelings.

 We should not be sorry for ALL the decisions we make.

Over apologising makes it easier for people

to treat you like a doormat. Over apologizing

 invites abusive people to come into your life.

 Over apologizing will not correct anything. 

 Don't be sorry for being yourself.

Don't be sorry you're not sorry.

How To Reduce Body Weight Naturally

Obesity can RISK your health,Reduce your Weight by Natural Way- 10 Effective Home Remedies for Losing Weight ~

1) Fruits and green vegetables are low calorie foods, so over weight persons should use these more frequently.

2) One should avoid intake of too much salt. Salt may be a factor for increasing the body weight.

3) Milk products like cheese, butter should be avoided because these are rich in fat. Meat and non-vegetarian foods should also be avoided.

4) Spices like dry ginger, cinnamon, black pepper etc. Are good for loosing weight and can be used in a number of ways.

5) Vegetables like bitter gourd (Karela), and bitter variety of drumstick are useful for loosing weight.

6) Taking of honey is an excellent home remedy for obesity. It mobilizes the extra deposited fat in the body and puts it into circulation, which is utilized as energy for normal functions. One should start with small quantity of about 10 GMs. Or a table spoonful to be taken with hot water. It is good to take it in early morning. A teaspoonful of fresh lemon juice may also be added.

7) Cabbage is considered to be an effective remedy for loosing weight. This vegetable inhibits the conversion of sugar and other carbohydrates into fat. Hence, it is of great value in weight reduction. It can be taken raw or cooked.

8) Exercise is an important part of weight reduction plan. It helps to use up calories stored in body as fat. In addition, it also relieves tension and tones up the muscles of the body. Walking is thebest exercise to begin with and may be followed by running, swimming, rowing.

9) Lime juice is excellent for weight reduction. Juice of a lime mixed in a glass of warm water and sweetened with honey should be taken every morning on an empty stomach.

10) Measure the portions of your food every meal and make sure that the portions are small. For example one portion of rice should not be more than the quantity which can fit in your fist. Smaller meals at a regular interval of 4 to 5 hours will keep your metabolism high and prevent your body from converting the food you intake into fat. You must also include regular exercise in your daily routine to help enhance weight reduction.

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Brain Damaging Habits
Vitamin D Deficiency Can Cause Diabetes
Taking Care of Your Teeth - How?
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Health Benefits of Consuming Dates
Top 10 Vitamins

The Starfish Story

The Starfish Story
Adapted from the short story by Loren Eiseley

Once upon a time, there was a wise man who used to go to the ocean to do his writing. He had a habit of walking on the beach before he began his work.

One day, as he was walking along the shore, he looked down the beach and saw a human figure moving like a dancer. He smiled to himself at the thought of someone who would dance to the day, and so, he walked faster to catch up.

As he got closer, he noticed that the figure was that of a young man, and that what he was doing was not dancing at all. The young man was reaching down to the shore, picking up small objects, and throwing them into the ocean.

He came closer still and called out "Good morning! May I ask what it is that you are doing?"

The young man paused, looked up, and replied "Throwing starfish into the ocean."

"I must ask, then, why are you throwing starfish into the ocean?" asked the somewhat startled wise man.

To this, the young man replied, "The sun is up and the tide is going out. If I don't throw them in, they'll die."

Upon hearing this, the wise man commented, "But, young man, do you not realize that there are miles and miles of beach and there are starfish all along every mile? You can't possibly make a difference!"

At this, the young man bent down, picked up yet another starfish, and threw it into the ocean. As it met the water, he said, "It made a difference for that one!"

This story has appeared all over the web in various forms. Sometimes it is a little girl throwing the starfish into the ocean, sometimes a young man. In any form it is a beautiful story and one that makes you think.

Story - The Kings Teeth
Story - The Worms
Story - Stay Sharp
Story - Bad Temper
Story - Donkey in the Well
Story - The Black Telephone
Story - Judging Others Based On Their Looks
Story - The Red Light Signal
 Story - The Dubai Beach and the Car Battery Issue

Proper Sitting Position While Driving


How to Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving

Many drivers do not position themselves correctly in their cars and therefore seriously lack control and comfort while driving. A good driving position can actually help preventing accidents, improve safety should an accident occur, and improve driving comfort. To adjust to the proper seating position, use the following tips.


  1. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 1 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 1 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Wear proper clothing. Driving should be done with clothing that doesn't limit the driver. In the winter, coats can interfere with proper steering as well as with proper adjustment of the seat and the operation of seat belts. Choose light and comfortable clothes.
    • Footwear is obligatory. The shoes have to be placed snugly on the feet (unlike slippers) and fit nicely on the pedals (unlike boots, muddy soles, or high heels). A shoe with a thin but slightly dense sole is ideal.
    • The driver is also advised to wear a set of pants that run all the way down to the knee, even if it means wearing a set of pants over shorts or a swim-suit.
  2. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 2 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 2 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Position yourself correctly in the seat itself. Make sure you sit straight and that your buttocks and back are square and completely squeezed into the seat. This helps to avoid backaches, possible back injuries and maintains awareness during long drives.
  3. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 3 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 3 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Adjust the seat distance. The seat should always be positioned with regard to the pedals. Press the brake pedal fully with your right foot and fully depress the clutch (in a manual transmission car) or dead pedal (in an automatic). The distance should be adjusted so that with fully depressed pedals, your knees remain slightly bent (about 120 degrees).
    • To make sure your check is accurate, start the engine and press on the brakes a few times before performing the check to build up pressure.
    • If the knee straightens, you are too far back. If it's bent close to 90 degrees, it's too close.
    • A fully extended leg results in the knee locking-up. This reduces the leverage and feel of the pedals, increases effort, and puts you in risk of severe injuries to the feet in a collision;the straight knee will be fractured whereas the bent knee would fold down. Furthermore, the bone would project the shock up to the pelvic and lower spine.
    • A knee excessively bent (when the driver sits too close) at an angle of about 100 degrees, does not support the body effectively and results in bad blood circulation. It can also hit the under-dash in a collision.
    • The thighs should be placed as far apart as is comfortable. In small cars, most people can create a wide enough base as to lean their knees against the center console on one side and the door on the other.
    • The feet should be placed with the heels on the floor and the balls of the feet pressing against the pedals. The right foot in particular should be able to pivot between the throttle and brake pedal while the heel is placed roughly in front of the brakes. This might mean that you don't cover the brake pedal fully when pressing it and that pressing the throttle is done with the foot at an angle, contacting the pedal close to its lower edge. This is the correct way to utilize the feet.
    • The left foot should be resting over the dead-pedal whenever not working on the clutch (or, in an automatic, at all times). This increases support to the pelvis and allows the driver to brace the body by applying pressure against the footrest in corners or in events of strong braking instead of hanging onto the pedals or steering.
  4. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 4 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 4 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Adjust the rake of the seat. This should be as parallel as possible to the steering. It is impossible to reach a perfect adjustment (and it's also not really necessary), but by adjusting the rake of the seat to an upright angle of about 110-95 degrees, we can reach a suitable adjustment.
    • We cannot reach a perfect adjustment because placing the seat too upright will put pressure on the lower vertebrae, place our head too high, and because the steering itself is placed in an angle. We can adjust the seat back to a relatively upright position and then use the adjustment of the steering itself to place it as parallel to the back as possible.
    • After adjusting the seat, including the height and the adjustments to the steering itself (below), we check the adjustment in the following manner: We place the wrist of our hand just over the topmost portion of the wheel. We should be able to place the wrist flat over the wheel and even bend it somewhat over the rim, while still keeping the shoulders (shoulder-blades) against the seat's back. This should be done with the arm straight but without putting in excessive effort.
      • If our wrist only touches the face of the wheel (rather than be placed flat over it), or it we can only put the heel of the palm on the wheel, or if we need to lean our scapulae (shoulder-blades) forward -- we are too far back. This will make us lean forward somewhat when we steer.
      • If we can touch the top of the wheel with our forearm or touch the top of the wheel with the wrist with the hand bent, we are too close to the wheel.
      • In vehicles with large, horizontal steering rims (mainly trucks), we cannot reach such a posture and we just need to check that we can grip the topmost portion of the wheel without locking the elbow fully and without bouncing the scapulae forward.
  5. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 5 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 5 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Adjust the steering height. Where adjustable, the steering height should be adjusted to as parallel to back angle, and to a clear view of the dashboard through the rim. The ideal adjustment should also allow us to grip the wheel properly (at 9 and 3, see below), with our palms just lower than our shoulders.
  6. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 6 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 6 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Adjust the steering distance. Where adjustable, this should be adjusted with the steering wheel height, to as parallel to the back as possible. While gripping the wheel properly, our elbows should be bent at about 120 degrees. There should be a minimal clearance of 10" (and preferably 30cm) between the center of the steering hub and the base of the breastbone (sternum). It should also not be further away that 45 centimeter (17.7 in).
  7. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 7 Version 3.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 7 Version 3.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Adjust the seat height. This should allow us to see forward clearly, while still having a clear view of the dashboard, and proper height relative to the wheel and pedals. In most cars, the proper height for forward vision should allow us to place five fingers (a hand width) between our head and the ceiling.
    • In cars with open or high ceiling, adjust so that you eyes are placed just above the center of the glass, without the visor obstructing your forward vision when open.
    • After readjusting the height, recheck the feet to make sure the height adjust had not compromised it.
  8. 8
    Adjust the head restraints. Place the headrest to a height just above your eyelids, and (more importantly) -- as close to the head as possible (2-3cm). A head-restraint further than 7 centimeter (2.8 in) increases the risk of whiplash. Keep in mind that while driving our head bends forward a bit more. If you cannot adjust the head-restraint to the proper distance, you need to compensate by increasing the backrest tilt.
  9. Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 9 Version 4.jpg <img alt="Adjust Seating to the Proper Position While Driving Step 9 Version 4.jpg" src="" data-srclarge="">
    Make additional adjustments as necessary.
    • Lumbar support: Should provide equal pressure across the whole length of the back. For drivers with lumbar problems without such an adjustment, you can use one or two rolled towels.
    • Side Bolsters: Should be adjusted for the maximum possible hip support without limiting the ability to depress all pedals fully.
    • Seat base reclining: Should keep the thigh in full contact with the seat. Avoid too much reclining which will create pressure behind your knees, or interfere with strong braking (you should not apply pressure against the seat).
    • Pedal adjustments: Should allow operation of the pedals as described above as comfortably as possible. You should be able to place your heel roughly in front of the brakes, place your foot on the brakes with the slightest possible offset to the right, and pivot as easily as possible towards the throttle pedal on the right, while keeping your knee bent at about 100 degrees.
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    Position your hands properly. Your hands should both be on the wheel, at the 9 and 3 position. This increases the leverage on the wheel to a maximum. Your palms should be placed against the outer diameter of the wheel and the thumbs should be lightly hooked on the cross-brace of the wheel.
    • Grip and stabilize the wheel not only with the thumbs and/or palms, but mainly with your fingers and fingertips. In general, keep the grip of the wheel as light as possible without losing your control over the wheel. This results in better control and less fatigue.
    • Keep both hands on the wheel. Steering with one hand makes the weight of the hand work on the wheel, for which the shoulder muscles must be used to keep the wheel steady, resulting in a twist of the spine, especially if you get into the (bad) habit of holding the wheel from its top.
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    Wear your seat belt properly. Adjust the lap-belt as snugly as possible over the waist. The belt should be physically tightened and placed as low as possible, on the pelvic bones, rather than the soft belly.
    • The shoulder strap should be adjusted to the height, so that the mounting is higher than the shoulder, and that the strap itself is placed over the acromion (middle of the shoulder), which is felt as a socket midway between the arm and neck.
    • If the shoulder strap is placed on the neck or even on the collar bone (clavicle), it is too high and will cause fractures to the clavicle and cuts the neck.
    • If the strap is placed too low on the shoulder itself or on the arm/under the armpit, it will not support the body and cause severe cuts to the arm.
    • All passengers should be strapped, and little children need to be harnessed in the suitable child seats and boosters. There are also special straps for pets. There are also other points that are worthwhile for the passengers:
      • Head restraint adjustment
      • Window adjustment
      • Proper placing of limbs relative to airbags: Avoid placing feet over the passenger's airbag or placing hands in the way of the lateral or curtain airbags, etc...
      • Proper distance from the dashboard
      • Full and erected seating: Full contact of the back and the seat, and an erected rake angle for the front passenger, to avoid "submarining under the lap belt.
      • Awareness: Falling asleep is dangerous for passengers. The front passenger should be awake to monitor and assist the driver, and to avoid acute abdominal injuries in a collision, which are intensified when the person is asleep.
    • Not all seats of the car are equally safe. The middle-rear seat is considered safest, followed by the seat behind front passenger seat, then the seat behind the driver, the front passenger seat and the driver being in the greatest threat. This division changes in cars with additional seats (minivans) or when the middle-back lacks a diagonal or adjustable belt or a head-restraint.
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    Check your visibility. With this position, your eyes will be placed in front of the center or upper half of the glass for improved visibility. Keep your eyes relaxed rather than trying and focus, and keep the eyes up rather than down. You will see more and further away, while still being aware of your surrounding with your peripheral vision.
    • Adjust your mirrors to give you a broad field of vision to the rear and sides (see in links below) at the glance of an eye or a slight tilt of the head (if you have a narrow field of vision due to illness or age). In some cars, you might also need to be ready to lean slightly forward or take a slight peek to the side ("Shoulder check") to make sure you see everything around while driving.
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    Keep objects in the car low, on the floor, preferably at the front seat. Do not keep anything around the driver's seat, because it might slip under the pedals.
    • In general, anything not stock is not wanted: A convex mirror mounted on the center mirror, a padded cover of the steering wheel, things dangling about on your rear-view mirror -- these are all bad things that can also prove hazardous in an accident.
    • Windows, in this respect, are best either completely closed, slightly opened or almost fully opened, rather than half-way down, in which case the head of the driver or one of the passengers might hit it. Always keep one of your front windows slightly opened for fresh air.
    • Open windows on highways can create drag that impairs fuel consumption and even the stability of the car, so it's best to only keep one or two windows slightly opened at most.
    • On rugged terrain, the windows should be fully closed or fully opened to avoid rocking the window's bushings.
    • Windows, lights and spectacles should be kept clean.
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    Adjust your rear-view mirrors to a minimal overlap and maximal visibility.
    • While it is possible to fit a quality, vacuum-adhesive interior mirror to view the back seat, in long drives with the whole family, it's best for the front passenger to be the one in charge of the inside of the car, and for the driver to focus himself on the road. Do not adjust your stock interior mirror to see the back seat and do not use wide-angle convex mirrors as well.
    • Likewise, avoid placing a child in the front seat, regardless of child restraints or airbags.
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    Use the air-conditioning to demist fumes on the windshields, and to provide a comfortable environment. It's better to use the car heat in the winter instead of driving with heavy clothing that interferes with steering and with the function of the seat belt. Keep one window slightly open for fresh air both in the summer (for oxygen) and winter (for fresh cold air).
    • The air conditioning is there to be used -- open the A/C periodically, even in the winter, and open the heating periodically -- even in the summer -- to ensure proper mechanical function of the two over time.
    • A/C air recirculation is very efficient because is blows large amounts of air. However, you need some fresh air through the driver's window. Likewise, if the windscreen is very heavily misted, opening the A/C for fresh air (along with an open window) can do better. Using external circulation is also efficient when you try to cool down a very hot cabin before entering it.
    • The A/C can also clear out bad smells. A few minutes before you turn off the car, close the air conditioner and air circulation, but keep the fan blowing air. This will channel out waste in the air ducts via a little hose inside it. Likewise, in a hot summer day, it's worthwhile to keep the heating blowing full time with all windows and doors open, to refresh the cabin.
    • The heating is also a good choice for when the engine starts to overheat. In highways, stopping on the hard-shoulder is so perilous that it is better to keep on driving towards a safe stopping place, even in the price of causing damage to the car (like overheating the engine). Using the heating to disperse engine heat can help reaching a safe stopping place without the engine reaching critical levels of heat.​